Auflistung nach Schlagwort "Radverkehrsanteil"
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Graue LiteraturAt the frontiers of cycling. Policy innovations in the Netherlands, Denmark, and Germany.(2007) Pucher, John; Buehler, RalphThis article presents six detailed case studies of cycling in the Netherlands (Amsterdam and Groningen), Denmark (Copenhagen and Odense), and Germany (Berlin and Muenster). Except for Berlin, they represent the very best in coordinated policies and programs to make cycling safe, convenient, and attractive. Not only are cycling levels extraordinarily high in these cities, but virtually everyone cycles: women as well as men, the old and the young, the rich and the poor. Moreover, they cycle for a wide range of daily, practical trips purposes and not mainly for recreation. Berlin is a special case. It does not even approach the five other cities in their cycling orientation. Nevertheless, its recent measures to encourage cycling have achieved an impressive bike share of trips for such a large city, higher than any other European city of that size. Thus, all six of the bicycling case study cities examined in this article truly are at the frontiers of cycling. They have many lessons to offer other cities in the Western World about the best ways to encourage more cycling. difu Graue Literatur Graue Literatur Graue Literatur Graue Literatur Graue Literatur Graue LiteraturBicycling and walking in the United States 2010. Benchmarking report.(2010) Steele, Kristen; Altmaier, MonicaYou can download the report using the following link: http://peoplepoweredmovement.org/site/images/ uploads/2010%20Benchmarking%20FINAL%201.25.09-Web.pdf Graue LiteraturBicycling and walking in the United States 2012. Benchmarking report.(2012) Swanson, KirstenYou can download the report using the following link: http://www.peoplepoweredmovement.org/site/index.php/site/2012benchmarkingdownload/ ZeitschriftenaufsatzBicycling boom in Germany. A revival engineered by public policy.(1997, Eno Foundation for Transportation) Pucher, John Graue LiteraturBicycling renaissance in North America? An update and re-appraisal of cycling trends and policies.(2011) Pucher, John; Buehler, Ralph; Seinen, MarkThe article reviews trends in bicycle use, traffic safety and policies to promote and foster cycling in the USA and Canada over the last two decades with a focus on nine large cities (Chicago, Minneapolis, Montréal, New York, Portland, San Francisco, Toronto, Vancouver, and Washington). In general it assesses an increase of bicycle use and a decrease of cyclist fatalities especially in these cities due to a wide range of infrastructure programmes such as the extension and improving of bike lanes, installation of bike sharing systems and bike-transit integration. Furthermore, the article shows that there is a high variation in bicycle use determined by socioeconomic inequality, so that cycling is much more prominent in areas around universities and gentrified parts. Graue LiteraturBicycling renaissance in North America? Recent trends and alternative policies to promote bicycling.(1999) Pucher, John; Komanoff, Charles; Schimek, PaulOver the past two decades, the number of bicycle trips in the United States has doubled. Since 48% of trips by all modes in American cities are shorter than three miles, the potential for further growth in bicycling seems enormous. So far, efforts to promote bicycling have focused on building bike paths and bike lanes. Although necessary, separate cycling facilities must be complemented by a comprehensive program to make all roads bikeable, through both physical adaptations and enforcement of cyclists right to use the road. It seems likely that cycling will continue to grow in North America, but that its mode share will remain far lower than levels in northern Europe. Bicycling in Canada and especially the United States is impeded by the lack of a tradition of cycling for utilitarian purposes and by the marginal legal, cultural and infrastructure status of cyclists in both countries automobile-based transport systems. As long as car use remains cheap and transportation policy remains dominated by motoring, bicycles will continue to be used primarily for recreation and not for daily urban travel in North America. difu Graue Literatur Graue LiteraturCycling Down Under: a comparative analysis of bicycling trends and policies in Sydney and Melbourne.(2010) Pucher, John; Garrard, Jan; Greaves StephenIn spite of their colder climate, Canadians cycle about three times more than Americans. The main reasons for this difference are Canada s higher urban densities and mixed-use development, shorter trip distances, lower incomes, higher costs of owning, driving and parking a car, safer cycling conditions, and more extensive cycling infrastructure and training programs. Most of these factors result from differences between Canada and the United States in their transport and land-use policies, and not from intrinsic differences in history, culture or resource availability. That is good news, since it suggests the possibility of significantly increasing cycling levels in the United States by adopting some of the Canadian policies that have so effectively promoted cycling and enhanced its safety. difu ZeitschriftenaufsatzCycling for a few or for everyone: the importance of social justice in cycling policy.(2009, Eco-Logica) Buehler, Ralph; Pucher, JohnDer Beitrag reagiert auf eine Kritik (durch Björn Haake) an einem früheren Artikel der beiden Autoren (in: WTPP "At the Frontiers of Cycling", Dezember 2007). In dieser Kritik argumentiert er dafür, als strategische Notwendigkeit zur Steigerung der Verkehrssicherheit von Radfahrern deren Ausbildung und Training des Verhaltens auf vom Autoverkehr dominierten Straßen. Dagegen führen die Autoren Belege dafür an, dass in einer Kombination mehrerer Strategien eine wesentlich größere Verkehrssicherheit des Radfahrers erreicht werden kann. Hierzu zählt auch die Ausbildung des Autofahrers, nicht nur des Radfahrers hinsichtlich des Miteinanders im Verkehr, vor allem aber ist es die Trennung der Fahrwege, die die größten Erfolge verspricht. Graue LiteraturCycling in New York. Innovative policies at the urban frontier.(2010) Pucher, John; Thorwaldson, Lewis; Buehler, Ralph; Klein, Nicholas Graue LiteraturCycling Revolution London.(2010)Das Dokument beschreibt Londons Bemühungen, eine attraktive Fahrradstadt zu werden. Ausgehend von der Initiative des Londoner Bürgermeisters, den Radverkehrsanteil in London um 400 % bis 2026 zu erhöhen, werden verschiedene Projekte und Programme vorgestellt, die das Radfahrerpotential der drei Regionen Londons kombinieren und zu einem Verkehrskonzept integrieren sollen. Im Vordergrund stehen dabei drei Programme: Das Öffentliche Fahrradverleihsystem, Fahrradschnellwege und die Gründung von lokalen Fahrradinitiativen (Biking Boroughs). Des Weiteren werden bereits angelaufene Programme zur Verbesserung der Fahrradinfrastruktur sowie zur Verbesserung der mentalen Einstellung zur Fahrradbenutzung erläutert. Für weitere Informationen und Fortschritte der jeweiligen Programme: http://www.tfl.gov.uk/roadusers/cycling/11598.aspx Graue LiteraturCycling Revolution London. End of year review 2010.(2010)Weitere Informationen sowie eventuelle Updates zu diesem Bericht stehen Ihnen zur Verfügung unter: http://www.tfl.gov.uk/roadusers/cycling/11598.aspx ZeitschriftenaufsatzCycling to sustainability in Amsterdam.(2009, Kentucky Institute for environment and Sustainable Development) Buehler, Ralph; Pucher, John Graue LiteraturCycling trends and policies in Canadian cities.(2005) Pucher, John; Buehler, RalphBicycling accounted for an average of 1.2% of work trips in Canada in 2001, but with considerable variation by province and metropolitan area. In this study, we chose six Canadian cities for detailed analysis of their cycling trends and policies: Montreal and Quebec City in Quebec; Ottawa and Toronto in Ontario; and Vancouver and Victoria in British Columbia. All of these cities have made impressive efforts to encourage more and safer cycling. Most of the cities report increases in cycling levels over the past two decades but appear to have reached a limit due to lack of funding for crucially needed cycling infrastructure (bike paths and lanes, parking, intersection modifications, etc.). In addition, the low-density, car-oriented suburban sprawl spreading around most Canadian cities has been increasing trip distances, thus making cycling decreasingly feasible outside the urban core. Finally, Canadian cities and provinces have not imposed any significant restrictions on car use or imposed increases in taxes,fees, and other charges for car use, such as most European cities have implemented to discourage driving and increase transit use, walking, and cycling. If Canadian cities really want to further increase cycling levels, they will have to further expand cycling infrastructure, curb low-density sprawl, and impose more restrictions and charges on car use. difu